What Is A Mood In Grammar? Types of Mood With Examples

Types of Mood / kinds of Mood

What Is A Mood? Types of Mood With Examples

What is a Mood in grammar?

Definition of Mood: Grammatical mood doesn’t mean “feelings.” It shows the writer’s attitude which he or she is saying. Mood refers to the different styles of a verb in a sentence. Verbs that express different attitude are called moods.

For example:

  1. Andraw writes a letter.
  2. Andraw, write a letter.
  3. Andraw wants to write a letter.
  4. If Andraw writes a letter, He will post it.

In the above sentences, the same verb “write” is expressing in different attitude or styles. This is called mood.

Types of Mood / kinds of Mood

There are three  types of Mood:

  1. Indicative Mood.
  2. Imperative Mood.
  3. Subjunctive Mood.


What Is An Indicative Mood? Definition And Examples

What is an Indicative Mood?

Definition of Indicative Mood: The form of a verb that describes or questions something or expresses a sudden emotion of the mind. It is called Indicative Mood.

For example:

  1. Andraw writes a letter.
  2. Where are you?
  3. I’ll do the work.
  4. How beautiful the Girl is! etc.


Use of Indicative Mood

a) To describe an event in Affirmative and Negative Sentence.

For example:

They play cricket.


b) To know something.

For example:

Do they play cricket?


c) To express a sudden emotion.

For example:

How beautiful the Girl is!


d) To express any conjecture of truth or fiction.

For example:

If you were sensible, you might understand the matter.


What Is An Imperative Mood? Definition And Examples

What is an Imperative Mood?

Definition of Imperative Mood: The form of the verb which means order, request or prohibition is called Imperative Mood.

Use of Imperative Mood

a) To give orders: For example.

For example:

Open your Book.


b) To give advice. For example:

For example:

Never tell a lie


c) To explain a request or prayer. For example.

For example:

  1. Please give me the glass.
  2. O God give us strength.
  3. To forbid. For example:
  4. Do not make a noise.

Note: Imperative Mood used always Second Person and Present Indefinite Tense. Subject (you) is implied here.


What Is A Subjunctive Mood? Definition And Examples

What is a Subjunctive Mood?

Definition of Subjunctive Mood:  Verbs that express uncertainty or doubt, condition, desire, conjecture, prayer, purpose, etc is called Subjunctive Mood. If, though, unless, lest, till, until etc. Conjunctions usually express Subjunctive Mood.

Use of Subjunctive Mood

a) To understand the condition.

For example:

If he wants, I shall help him.

Note: Conditions are also expressed through Imperative Sentence. For example: Come here. I shall help you.


b) To express a wish or prayer.

For example:

May you live long.


c) To explain the purpose.

For example:

She works hard that She may pass in the exam.


d) To express doubts or conjectures.

For example:

Whether you like it or not I shall do it.


e) Subjunctive mode is used after As if and As though to mean something impossible or unreal at present. If the first part of the sentence with As if or As though is Present Indefinite, the next part is Past Indefinite. And if the first part is Past Indefinite, the next part is Past Perfect.

For example:

  1. She tells the matter as if She knew it.
  2. She told the matter as if She had known it.


f) When a sentence starts with it is high time, it is time, the Verb after the Subject is the Past form.

For example:

It is high time she changed her habits.


Infinitive Mood

When ’to’ is placed before the verb it is called Infinitive. Although the Infinitive was formerly considered a Mood, it is not called a Mood in modern English, as it only denotes an action indefinitely. Verb does not tell how the action is done.

For example:

। went to visit my friend.

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