What Is Number? Types of Number
Definition of Number?
Number: The word that indicates the number of person or thing is called number.
Easy Examples of Number
Boy- Singular Number But Boys- Plural Number;
Pen- Singular Number But Pens- Plural Number;
Dog- Singular Number But Dogs- Plural Number;
Man- Singular Number But Men- Plural Number;
Read the following passage:
- Andrew is our next door neighbour. He is a banker and his wife is a teacher. They have only one Daughter. Theirs is a small family. They had a happy life.
- Both Mr. and Mrs. Baten are bankers. They have two sons. They are very good students. They are also good football players. In the evening they play with other children. Their parents maintain good relation with other families in the neighbourhood.
- In the first passage above, the nouns — neighbor, banker, wife, teacher, daughter, family, life refer to a person or an object. So, these nouns are singular.
- In the second passage, the nouns — bankers, students, players, children, families refer to more than one person or object.So, these nouns are plural.
Types of Number / kinds of Number
There are Two types of Number:
- Singular Number.
- Plural Number.
What is Singular Number with examples?
Singular Number: The noun that indicates only one person or thing is called singular number.
For example: man, pen, Boy etc.
What is Plural Number with examples?
Plural Number: The noun that indicates more than one persons or things is called plural number.
For example: men, boys. pens etc.
How to change Singular Number to Plural Number
Rule 1: In general, Add ‘s’ at the end of a singular noun to make it plural.
Rule 2: Add ‘-es’. If the noun ends with ‘’s, ss, sh, ch, x and z” to make it plural.
Rule 3: If the pronunciation of Ch is similar “k”, just “s” is added at the end.
Rule 4: If there is ‘y’ at the end of Singular Noun and if there is Consonant before ‘y’ then ‘y’ is replaced by ‘i’ and then ‘es’ has to be added to make it Plural.
Rule 5: But If there is a vowel before y, there is no change in y. just “s” is added at the end.
Rule 6: If there is ‘f’ or ‘fe’ at the end of Singular Noun, f’ or ‘fe’ is replaced by ‘v’ and then ‘es’ has to be added to make it Plural.
Rule 7: If there is ‘ief’, ‘if’, ‘off’, ‘rf’ or ‘eef’ at the end of Singular Noun. just “s” is added at the end.
Rule 8: If there is ‘o’ at the end of Singular Noun and if there is Consonant before ‘o’. “es” is added at the end.
Rule 9: But If there is a vowel before ‘O’, just “s” is added at the end.
Rule 10: Some nouns can be made plural by changing the middle vowel.
Rule 11: Add ‘en’, ‘ren’, ‘ne’ at the end of a some singular noun to make it plural.
Rule 12: If the last part of the compound noun is man and it means human being, “men”replaces that ‘man’.
|Man of war||Men-of-war||Salesman||Salesmen|
Rule 13: But if man is part of a word or refers to race or citizen, then it has to be plural by adding s with man.
Rule 14: If there is ‘ful’ at the end of Compound word . “s” is added at the end.
Rule 15: If compound noun contains several words, “s” is added at main part.
|Step-brother||Step brothers||Maid servant||Maid-servants|
Rule 16: But in some cases, ‘s’ comes in every part of some Compound Noun.
Rule 17: Some compound nouns have to be plural by adding s at the end.
Rule 18: Some Nouns are used only in Singular Number. They do not have Plural.
Rule 19: Similarly, Some Nouns are used only in Plural Number.
Rule 20: Some nouns look like singular but they are plural
Rule 21: Similarly, Some nouns look like plural but they are singular.
Rule 22: Some singular and plural nouns are the same.
Rule 23: Some Nouns have two different plurals form.
- Word: Brother
Brothers (singular) : Andraw has two brothers.
Brethren (plural) : The brethren of the Club are active.
2. Word: Cloth
Cloths (singular): Matthew bought some cloths
Clothes (plural) – Jack put on new clothes.
3. Word: Beef
Beefs-( singular): Beefs are available in this restaurant.
Beeves (plural): The beeves are strong.
4. Word: Die
Dies (singular): Dies are used for various purposes.
Dice (plural): Alonzo likes to play on dice.
5. Word: Shot
Shot (singular): Jack spent two shot to kill the tiger.
Shots (plural): Several shots were heard.
6. Word: Index
Indexes (singular): Indexes are useful for readers.
Indices (plural): Students should learn the indices very carefully.
7. Word: Penny
Pennies (singular): Lend me some pennies.
Pence (plural): This pen cost me eight pence.
8. Word: Fish
Fishes (singular): Different fishes are available in the market.
Fish (plural): They are catching fish.
9. Word: Sail
Sail (singular): Many sail left the port.
Sails (plural): The ship set sails.
10. Word: Genius
Genii (singular): I do not believe in genii.
Geniuses (plural): Geniuses are respected.
|Mr.||Messrs||Mrs. Zaman||Mrs. Zamans|
|Madame||Mesdame||Miss Zaman||Miss Zamans|
|Mr. Zaman||Messrs Zaman||Master Zaman||Misses Zamans|
|Mr. Zamans||The Master Zamans|
Number of pronoun
There is no specific rule for changing the number of pronouns. It’s all about memorizing.
|Formula||Formulae/ Formulas Genera||Thesis||Theses|